3 Common Types of Diabetes

Health Fitness

Diabetes pertains to a group of illnesses that affects how a person’s body processes sugar. Normally, the pancreas releases adequate levels of insulin to help convert glucose into energy. But, if this hormone is low or isn’t utilized, it can lead to excessive sugar levels that can cause serious health problems.

There’s a lot of information about these illnesses discussed during diabetes CME (continuing medical education). One of these is its different types. To learn about them, continue reading this article.

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile or insulin-dependent condition, is an autoimmune illness that destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It causes permanent damage and prevents the body from producing a sufficient amount of the substance to regulate the blood’s sugar level.

There are various factors, including genetics and some viruses, which contribute to the development of the disease. It’s often detected during an affected person’s childhood or early adolescence. But, adults can still develop this condition. Some of its symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, unintended weight loss, and blurred vision.

Currently, this disease doesn’t have a cure. Its treatments are focused on managing the blood sugar levels with insulin, dietary regimens, and a healthy lifestyle. When left unchecked, it can cause complications like cardiovascular problems, nerve damage, and skin and mouth conditions.

Type 2

Many people are familiar with this disease. It’s a chronic condition that affects how the body metabolizes glucose. This illness occurs in 2 ways. The first one happens when the system resists the effects of insulin. The other is when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough hormones to maintain the normal blood sugar level

This condition shows symptoms identical to type 1 diabetes. It doesn’t have a cure and has a lifetime effect on the patient’s body. Its exact cause is attributed to a person’s family medical history, lack of exercise, and being overweight. Many healthcare experts recommend eating healthy dishes that include veggies, losing weight, and exercising regularly to help manage this illness.


As its name suggests, gestational diabetes happens among pregnant women. It may develop at any stage of the gestation period,but it’s more common in their second or third trimester. This is because the mother’s body can’t produce enough insulin for her and the baby, which can cause problems for both of them.

It can increase their risk of developing respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. To prevent this, medical professionals recommend that pregnant women eat meals that are high in fiber and low in fat. They must also engage in light exercises to regulate their weight.

By understanding these through diabetes CE (continuing education), medical providers can give the right healthcare regimen that can help their patients live a better life.

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