Hematologic diseases are disorders affecting the red or white blood cells. They can also refer to problems in the platelets, which are responsible for clot formation. Some of these conditions, such as anemia and mild hemophilia, are benign and can be treated with therapy.
Other hematologic diseases are chronic and life-threatening. To improve outcomes for patients, hematologists lead the advances in treatments and preventive measures. They also strive to develop hematology CE courses.
Problems in the blood can affect your overall health. So, you must learn about the symptoms of common hematologic disorders.
Signs of White Blood Cell Disorders
White blood cells (WBC) are essential to your immune system. To effectively fight against infectious organisms, a sufficient number of these components must receive a signal that a foreign substance has gotten inside the body. They’ll then go to their destination and kill the harmful element.
Generally, the total white blood cell count falls between 4,000 and 11,000 per micro liter. You’re at risk of an illness or infection if yours is below the normal range. Symptoms may include frequent infections, wounds that are too slow or don’t heal, inexplicable tiredness, and unexplained weight loss.
Have your healthcare provider do a blood test to check if your white blood cell count is within the normal range. Insufficient or excessive WBC indicates a disorder.
Signs of Red Blood Cell Disorders
Red blood cells carry fresh oxygen throughout the body. They also get rid of carbon dioxide by transporting it to the lungs to be exhaled.
Problems with red blood cells, like anemia, can be caused by iron deficiency. Symptoms include exhaustion, rapid heart rate, pale skin, and, in extreme cases, heart failure.
In cases where the cause isn’t obvious, your doctor will do a physical exam and review your individual and family medical history. Blood tests, bone marrow aspiration, and biopsy may also be performed.
Signs of Platelet Disorders
Platelets help the body form clots. In the event a blood vessel becomes damaged, they’ll rush to the site of injury and form a plug to stop the bleeding.
One of the most critical ways to figure out if you have platelet disorder is to look at how you have bled in the past. Some of the most common symptoms are frequent nosebleeds, getting bruised easily, and injuries that are too slow or don’t heal.
Ongoing developments in hematology CME have expanded people’s knowledge of blood path physiology and improved diagnostic tools. These lead to better patient outcomes and quality of life.