Different Types of Gum Diseases and Factors that Contribute to it


There can always be a chance that either you or someone in your family has a certain kind of gum disease.

As per the statistics of dental health organization about 75% among the Americans can develop gum disease during their lifetime.

Also, it is important to understand that gum diseases are not just in one form but there are multiple types of gum diseases that can always affect our overall oral health.

In case, if we leave it untreated, then there are certain types of gum diseases that can be caused due to diabetes, cancer and heart disease.

Therefore, it is important to learn about their symptoms, risks and also treatment for conditions like gingivitis. When gingivitis gets into more advanced stage, it will end up in periodontitis, which are two most common types of gum disease.

If gingivitis is left untreated then it can advance into periodontitis and that can eventually result in tooth loss and few other health problems.


Gingivitis is considered as periodontal disease in the mildest form. It may cause your gums to become swollen, red and can bleed easily. Usually, there is very little or almost no discomfort during this stage.

Often Gingivitis can be caused by insufficient oral hygiene. With professional treatment as well as proper oral home care, Gingivitis can be reversible.

Following are few factors that can contribute to gingivitis:

  • Aging
  • Certain medication use
  • Diabetes
  • Genetic predisposition
  • HIV infection
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Inadequate nutrition
  • Pregnancy
  • Puberty
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Substance abuse
  • Systemic diseases


If the gingivitis remains untreated then it can advance into periodontitis. Plaque can spread with time, and also grow below your gum line. Bacteria in plaque can produce toxins which irritate the gums.

Toxins stimulate certain chronic inflammatory response by which your body turns on by itself and the bone and tissues that support your teeth are totally broken and destroyed.

Gums can separate from teeth to form pockets that become infected. The pockets will deepen as the disease will progress and more bone and gum tissue will be destroyed.

This destructive process often has mild symptoms. Your teeth can eventually become loose and you may have to get it removed.

There are a number of forms of periodontitis and the most common are as follows:

  1. Aggressive periodontitis

Even patients can be clinically healthy, it can occur to them. Common features are:

  1. Bone destruction
  2. Familial aggregation
  3. Rapid attachment loss
  1. Chronic periodontitis

It creates inflammation in your supporting tissues of teeth, bone loss and progressive attachment.

This is most frequently occurring periodontitis forms. Mostly it occurs in adults, but it can occur at any age.

3. Periodontitis as manifestation of certain systemic diseases

It can often start at a younger age. With this type of periodontitis, systemic conditions like heart disease, diabetes and respiratory diseases are associated.

4. Necrotizing periodontal disease

This is a type of infection which is characterized by the necrosis of the gingival tissues, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament.

Most commonly these lesions can be observed in individuals having systemic conditions like HIV infection, immunosuppression and malnutrition.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *