3 Common Respiratory Disorders in Children

Health

Though parents do their best in protecting their children from all kinds of harm, their little ones inevitably get sick from time to time. The younger they are, the more they’re prone to diseases since their immune system isn’t as strong as adults yet.

A common problem experienced by children is chest pain. It often indicates an underlying respiratory disorder, such as any of the following:

Asthma

This is a long-term disease that createsbreathing problems upon the occurrence of a trigger. This can be an allergen, like pollen, or an irritant, such as tobacco smoke. It may also be an existing disorder that has been causing airway restrictions.

Besides tightness in the chest, the respiratory problems include recurrent coughing, rapid breathing, and wheezing. They become severe as the airways get more inflamed. To alleviate them, doctor-prescribed steroid treatment or nebulizer is used.

The actual cause of asthma isn’t fully understood yet, but it’s largely linked to genetic factors. If the child’s parents have the condition, they’re likely to acquire it as well. The symptoms show as early as the age of 5.

Bronchiolitis

Common in infants and young children, bronchiolitis is a viral infection that affects the air passages to the lungs called bronchioles. As the germs irritate them, breathing becomes difficult; you may notice nasal flaring as a baby attempts to inhale and exhale. The condition also results in coughing, wheezing, fever, and fatigue. In severe cases, the skin turnsblue due tothe lack of oxygen.

While bronchiolitis can’t be cured since there’s no treatment for viruses, the condition is typically mild and will go away on its own after 7 days. Severe symptoms may also be eased with a nebulizer and intravenous therapy.

The illness can be contracted from anyone with the infection upon contact with their respiratory fluids. Children who have a compromised immune system and are exposed to crowded places have the highest risk of catching the disease.

Cystic Fibrosis

This is a genetic condition that concerns the lungs and digestive system. Here, the mucus inthe lining of these parts is unusually viscous. As it builds up, it causes blockage in the passages, leading to respiratory problems, like chest pain and wheezing. The sticky mass can also be an ideal site for germs to thrive, which results in other illnesses.

Since cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease, it can’t be cured. But, a doctor can administer airway clearance techniques and prescribe certain medications to control the symptoms.

Pay attention to these symptoms if your child is sick. If they can’t breathe properly, book an appointment with a pediatric orthopedic doctor in Atlanta.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *